Causes of Ileostomy and stomach cramps 

An ileostomy is a surgical procedure used for people who have had all or part of their large intestine removed. The surgery creates an opening from the remaining small intestine to the outside of the body called a stoma. This opening allows waste matter to pass through and out of the body so that it does not stay trapped in your abdomen, where it can cause uncomfortable pressure and other problems. 

The ileostomy and stomach cramps cause is not always easy to determine. This can be due to several reasons, including that it could be difficult to diagnose the exact cause of pain in this area. However, there are many potential causes for these symptoms.

One of the major causes of ileostomy is blockages, commonly referred to as bowel obstruction, which can cause stomach cramps and pain. They occur in both small and large intestines, thus adversely affecting individuals with ileostomy and colostomies. Bowel obstruction results from inflammation, swelling, or certain other conditions that make the bowel swell. This causes blockage and results in stomach cramps and pain, among others.

Bowel obstructions may result from various causes such as tumors, scar tissue or adhesions, pregnancy, and changes in how food passes through your digestive system without any physical blockage present at all. These issues should be considered before jumping into about what could be causing you pain.

If you have a stoma, then it is important to do your best to avoid blockages. Symptoms of an obstruction or blockage include difficulty swallowing and pain with swallowing. If you experience these symptoms, then try avoiding solid foods for a few days. You may also want to drink plenty of fluids so that the food will not get stuck in your throat. Once the food is gone from your system, you should be able to eat normally again without any issues. If the symptoms do not go away, your doctor may need to take further steps.

Another cause for this condition is inflammatory bowel disease which produces chronic inflammation that affects the intestines, especially the ileum causing pain and diarrhea, ileostomy. Cancerous tumors are yet another serious health conditions say to be behind this painful condition. 

Another cause for an ileostomy is tummy bugs. Stomach cramps are caused by the presence of certain viruses and bacteria in the stomach. These bugs cause inflammation, thus leading to abdominal pain. You may feel feverish and fatigued, but keep in mind that your peristomal skin around the stoma could become sore due to the intestinal irritations caused by this kind of infection.

Stomach cramps can also result from some digestive problems such as irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn’s disease, among other related conditions. These diseases are caused by inflammation in the bowels, which causes discomfort, thus resulting in distress and pain. The symptoms include watery diarrhea, constipation, loss of appetite, among other effects that may lead to stomach cramps, pain, and discomfort.

Additionally, ileostomy and stomach cramps may result from pouchitis, which is a condition that affects people with ileostomies. It occurs when the pouch which collects the waste from the stoma becomes inflamed and infected and thus causes stomach cramps and pain.

Pouchitis can also cause stomach cramps, pain, or discomfort, for instance, bloating, gas pains, and sometimes feverishness. It may be accompanied by diarrhea as well as loss of appetite. Although these conditions may not be common in some individuals, they can lead to stomach cramps and pain. Therefore, it is important to visit your doctor for diagnosis and possible treatment if any symptom is experienced continuously, especially if you have had surgery or other means of an ileostomy.

What You Need To Know About Changing And Caring For Your Ostomy

While Ostomy surgery can be a scary thing to hear that you or a loved one needs. Please remember that it drastically improves the lives of many people with certain diseases and even saves lives. After having the surgery there is special care that is needed so that you can live your best life. While there are different kinds of products for you to use after surgery there are some basics that apply no matter which product you choose after surgery. The following are the supplies you want to make sure that you have on hand every time that you change your colostomy bag. Adhesive remover, skin protector, wafer, writing utensil, measuring guide, stomahesive paste, plastic bags, washcloth and towel, new pouch, and scissors.

Do not get overwhelmed by the number of supplies needed as we will go over everything step by step to make sure you are confident in what you need to do. The way to start off best is to make sure that you are changing this at a time when your stoma is not active. A lot of people find first thing in the morning as a good time to do this. It is also recommended to not eat late at night before a change. but whenever you decide for you to do it is fine. You need to make sure that your hands are washed and clean. The next step is to empty the pouch. Like you do every day. Next, you will want to wipe the tape around the wafer still attached to you with adhesive remover.

The point of this is to break that seal as easily as possible and remove it from your skin. Now put all the items you just removed into a plastic bag to dispose of. Alright, now the next thing you will want to do is to clean the stoma using a washrag and warm water. Most find this is easiest to do in the shower just keep in mind not to use any scented soap. Next, you will want to make sure that you pat the stoma dry. Then measure your stoma. Once done trace the correct size and cut out the middle. Do not eyeball this use the pencil to trace it. Then you will apply your skin protector to the skin where you will place the wafer. We are almost done with just a few more steps.

Now peel the paper from wafer and apply some stomahesive paste around the cut in the circle. Now you will want to remove the paper backing from the tape and press over the stoma. Take care to make sure that the stoma is in the center and that you smooth any wrinkles. Now you snap the new pouch onto the wafer and give it a tug to protect against any leaking, Hold in place for about a minute to make sure it has a good seal on it. Then close the bottom of the bag with the clip.

 Ostomy belts: Ostomy care accessories 

Ostomy belts are one of the accessories that are placed under the Ostomy products. This belt can help you a lot and another way it is totally unwanted. There are many factors that you must think about before the selection whether it is needed for you or not

Why is an Ostomy belt needed?

     Belts have various purposes:

  • helps your pouching system to remain in place
  • Ensures better adhesion
  • accentuating convex system

Helps you to feel more secure

The security of the pouching system can be affected by the formation of your stoma (the type of the procedure, and how it extends through the skin) and characteristics of the skin around the stoma (flat, any dips, creases, or folds). You may need a stoma if :

  • There is the premature lifting of edges of the flange
  • Continuous leakage at a crease or an end
  • System that shifts with your routine activities

A belt can help you to fix the pouch system with your belly avoiding any kind of lifts and leakages.

You may need to use a convex pouching system according to the stoma and skin condition. The Ostomy belts help the pouching system to fit over the stoma properly, by increasing the tension between the flange and skin. The resolution tension due to the belt and the Ostomy belly can assist to flatten out the folds around the stoma skin, to make stomas tip-up, to avoid the seeping of feces under the flange. The Ostomy belts can help you to achieve your goal of preventing leakages and predicting wear time for your pouching system.

In some cases people don’t face a problem of leakage or predictable wear time, however, it is used to help them feel more secure. People who engage in physical activities like swimming, sports, enjoy soaking in a tub or hot bath, need an Ostomy belt. Because it provides better support, especially if there is any risk of pouching tacking. In some cases, people wear Ostomy belts at night to prevent any leakage due to different sleeping positions and movements.


An Ostomy belt can’t work for every pouching system. Ostomy belts can limit the type of pouching system if you need them in your routine. Your product boxes may contain symbols that indicate the existence of belt tabs. The position of the tabs varies by Product Company: Hollister and ConvaTec place the tabs on the pouch, whilst Coloplast places the tabs on the flange. If you use closed-end pouches that are changed one or more times daily, belt tabs on the flange may be handier than tabs on the pouch itself. Again, not all product lines within a firm will provide belt tabs as an option, so talk to your ET or a company customer care representative about your best alternatives.

How to wear Ostomy belts?

The belt looks best when worn in the same direction as the belt tabs: straight across at 3 and 9 o’clock. It’s possible that this isn’t in line with your natural waist. Avoid having the belt “ride up” into your natural waist if your natural waist is higher than the location of the belt tabs and pouch. If you do so it will pull the pouch and will change the position of the pouch and the belt instead of fixing the pouching system with your belly, a misplaced belt will only allow the belt to move up, reducing the potential leaks. You may notice that the belt will shift even with small or normal movements, in this situation go to the washroom and fix its position again.

How to take care of Ostomy belts?

Belts have elasticity and will become loose or stretch out when they are used continuously and over time. If you will use them with good care it will increase their life period. The care includes:

  • washing the belts using hands
  • Mild soap
  • Cold water
  • Drip drying

Besides this care, you still need to replace the belt 2 to 3 times a year to ensure the best performance. You can get latex-free belts from Holister, Covatec, and Coloplast.


The Ostomy belts should be in fit properly but they should not be too tight. You can access three sizes such as small, medium, and large. Pull the belt around your loin by attaching one end of the belt with the tab, in this way you can measure your accurate size. You should be allowed to easily pass or slide 2 to 3 fingers under the belt. Ulcers and irritations may be caused if you wear the belt too tight. In the case of a two-piece system it is hard to use the Ostomy belt because it causes the pouch to pop off the flange.

Your ET nurse can help you to select the Ostomy belt if it Is needed for you.

Cleaning Your Stoma

So you have a stoma huh? Well I completely understand. Actually, I probably understand better than most people ever will. Why is that? It’s because I too have a stoma, and I have had one for quite some time. I even run a support group in my local community that is specifically for ostomy patients and people trying to come to terms with their new life with a stoma. If you have been struggling through your first few weeks with a stoma, then I have some good news for you. I will impart some of my supreme stoma wisdom onto you and hopefully give you some tips and tricks to make your life a little easier. Now, of course, you are still going to want to listen more to your doctors than you would to me (I guess that’s why they have a degree and I don’t), but you can rest assured that I know what I’m talking about when it comes to ostomy and I will not lead you astray. There is a huge responsibility upon me to bring helpful resources and information to all my fellow ostomates out there, and the last thing I would want to do is cause you any suffering or harm with my advice. 

Today we are going to be talking about cleaning your stoma. Yes, this is a super uncomfortable process at first, and it honestly feels like a bit of a chore. Unfortunately, it is going to be a chore you have to deal with for the rest of your life, so you might as well get used to it. The first thing I have to say about cleaning your stoma is that you need to pay careful attention to your stoma, the skin barrier, and the skin around the stoma area when you are actually cleaning it. This is because the color, texture, and appearance of these areas will tell you a lot about their health or any potential problems that may be occuring.

It is good to remember that the stoma should always be a bright reddish pink (kind of life ground beef color), and that it should appear moist and shiny. That is without a doubt the single most revolting sentence that I have ever written, and I am ashamed of myself for doing it. Anyways, you’ll want to make sure that the stoma and the skin around it are not inflamed or appear to have any infections when you’re cleaning it.

The next thing to keep in mind is that you should be cleaning your stoma and the area around it pretty much everytime you change your ostomy pouch. Yes, I know this sounds like a lot at first, but I promise you will get used to it. Keeping this area clean is going to be the number one priority you have in your life from now on, so you can forget worrying about relationships or finances. It all comes down to the stoma baby. When you are cleaning your stoma, there is no need to use fancy soaps or lotions. In fact, those things can actually harm the stoma. It’s best to just use warm water to wash out the area and then dry it with a soft wash cloth or paper towel. I hope this article was helpful for you! Good luck. 

Is Your Stoma Stinking?

If you have had an ostomy and are living with a stoma for the rest of your days, then you are probably well aware of the worst enemy for many ostomates like yourself. That’s right, I’m talking about the cursed problem of your stoma odor and all that. No one likes to be that person that smells bad, but if you have a stoma, it is most likely that you are going to be that person from time to time. I know from personal experience that strong smells coming from your stoma can make social situations very awkward and cause a lot of anxiety for you. There is truly nothing worse than people asking, “who passed wind??”, knowing full well that it is just your stoma doing its thing. Well, if you’re like me, then you’re constantly looking for ways to reduce odor coming from your stoma and ostomy pouch. Luckily for you, I’ve spent a lot of time researching different ways in which to hide your stoma odor that have definitely made my life with a stoma a bit easier. So without further ado, here are some tips and tricks that you can use today that will help you reduce your stoma odor in those awkward situations.

If you are finding a lot of foul smells coming from your ostomy pouch on a regular basis, the first thing you are going to want to do is make sure your ostomy pouch is properly secured and has a good fit. The seal on your ostomy bag is very important and can mean the difference between your ostomy pouch leaking or keeping everything sealed nice and tight. A bad seal can definitely cause odor and gas to leak out, creating that awful smell and making all your friends and family despise you – and no one wants that! So my first suggestion for you is to make sure that you have an ostomy bag that properly fits. One way to do this is to keep the area around your stoma very clean and clear so that the seal can be a good one.

If you have body hair, it may be beneficial to shave all that off in order to get a better seal. Also, don’t use any oils, lotions, or soaps around that area in the case of them irritating your stoma or the skin barrier. If the skin is getting irritated, it might also cause the seal to not fit properly and create a leakage in your ostomy pouch system.

Another tip I have for you regarding your disgusting stoma odor is to use deodorizing products made specifically for your ostomy. Now what I don’t want you to do is to spray some random deodorant, cologne, or perfume into your ostomy pouch to try to mask the smell of your output. Sure, it might mask the smell a little bit, but it is surely not the most effective way to do so and these products can also cause irritation for your stoma and lead to further complications. Therefore, it’s best to use odor eliminators that are specifically made for ostomy pouches and are way more effective at masking the smell. It could also be more beneficial to regularly empty your ostomy pouch if you aren’t already, because this can prevent further leakages which leads to a bad odor. 

How To Avoid Gas With An Ostomy

Do you have to wear an ostomy bag everywhere you go? Do you struggle with having your ostomy bag filled with gas? Well, the good news is that you’re not alone. Millions of people everyday have to also struggle with the annoying affliction of having gas filled their ostomy bags. If you don’t have a stoma and just happened to come across this article, then I suggest you go ahead and log off of the internet for the day because it’s going to get pretty graphic. I have personally had an ostomy bag for several years and know a thing or two about having gas fill my pouch. It’s super annoying because, most of the time, you can usually identify how long it will take for an ostomy pouch to fill with output and can plan your daily activities and events around said output. However, there are times when you just seem more gassy than normal, and this makes your ostomy bag fill up much quicker. This leads to having to change your ostomy bag even more, because an overfilled bag can cause leakages and other complications or problems.

I wanted to write this article to give you a few tips on how you can avoid dealing with lots of irritating and unwanted gas that fills your ostomy bags. If you’re like me, you’ve had plenty of embarrassing moments in your life that have been caused by stoma related gas. So hopefully you can learn a few tips and tricks on how to lessen the amount of gas you are producing, which will lead to you not having to change your ostomy bag as often. For those of you who don’t know, colostomy related gas is different from normal flatulence because a person with a colostomy cannot control the gas that they are producing. So don’t get any funny ideas about making gas-related jokes, because this is a serious problem and not something to be taken lightly or made fun of.

Anyways, one thing you need to make sure to do is to check the fit of your actual ostomy pouch. If the ostomy pouch is not fitted to your skin barrier correctly, you may find yourself leaking certain odors or gas that are most unpleasant to the people around you. An improper fit also has more problems than just leaking odor; it can also create complications for your stoma itself. Your stoma should only be smelling while you are changing out your ostomy pouch.

The main thing to remember is that the foods that caused you gas before you had your ostomy will continue to cause you gas – the only difference is that you can no longer control when your gas is exiting your body, because it will simply all flow into your ostomy bag. Obviously, no one wants to be filled with gas and release it into the air which will cause everyone around you to immediately evacuate the area and probably not want to ever be around you again. Some foods that you should avoid eating include cabbage, spicy food like peppers or ramen, fizzy drinks like Coke or Pepsi, and even dairy products. The reason you should avoid eating these foods if you can is because they can all produce more gas in you than other foods.

Camping With An Ostomy

Some people don’t understand that most people with ostomies can do pretty much anything they want to, or anything that they used to do. It’s not like getting a stoma prevents you from being the person you used to be, not at all! In fact, one of my favorite things to do is go camping with my friends and family. I absolutely love camping, especially in and around the areas where I grew up in Michigan. Some people believe that you are supposed to travel really far to some place you’ve never been before if you want to properly go camping, but I have always firmly disagreed with this state of mind. I personally really love to go camping somewhere along Lake Michigan because that lake is so pretty and is often overlooked. I consider Lake Michigan to be one of the top freshwater lakes in the whole entire world. Ever since I was young, my parents would always take me and my siblings to go camping during the summer. There is this one campground called Pioneer Park in Muskegon Michigan that is my favorite all-time camping spot.

In addition to this, we used to take longer trips down into Tennessee or even up to the Michigan Upper Peninsula and those were always very enjoyable. I love Lake Superior because it is so big and fresh, but I don’t like it as much as I do Lake Michigan because it’s so cold and a little bit creepy sometimes. Anyways, I used to be worried that having an ostomy would affect my hobby of camping with my friends and family because I had obviously never experienced life with a stoma before. However, I found that there aren’t too many differences in camping with an ostomy as long as you are smart and continue to take care of yourself and your body. For me, the first camping experience I had with the addition of a stoma and an ostomy pouch took place at my favorite campground in the world – Pioneer Park. I think a big reason why it’s my favorite is because I have a lot of memories and nostalgia that has been built up there over the years. 

Camping with a stoma is not too much different than camping without one. I think that the biggest thing for me is simply being prepared. When you’re packing to go camping, make sure you bring plenty of ostomy supplies. It is probably a good idea to bring way more than you think you’ll need, because emergencies happen and you never know what might happen during the trip. Also, it makes more sense to have more ostomy supplies on hand instead of not having enough. I feel like that is simple logic and common sense that most people will understand, but I thought I would put it in here anyways because I don’t know what numb-skull is going to be reading this.

I think the best piece of advice I can give you is to bring a lot of disposable ostomy bags, but also a few reusable ones. The disposable ones are nice because they are quick to change and you don’t have to worry about trying to wash them all out. You may even run into less smell and terrible odor when you’re changing your ostomy pouch.

Identifying and Treating Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative Colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease(IBD) that inflames the large intestine, from the colon to the rectum, sometimes affecting both organs. This inflammation can cause the rise of ulcers at any point along the colon and even affect separate tissue. Ulcers begin forming at the bottom of the colon and often spread upwards as they worsen without treatment. 

Ulcers cause the body to increase the rate that food passes through the colon, which results in an increase in bowel movements often affecting nutritional absorption. This can also cause the ulcers to worsen, resulting in painful bleeding and discharge. 

What Causes Ulcerative Colitis?

Specific causes are still relatively unclear, but Ulcerative Colitis is theorized to be be caused by over active immune system. Researches theorize that this intense activity causes the immune system to react to certain parts of the large intestine in an effort to fend off what is currently unknown to researchers.

Researches understand that the disease affects men and women at the same rate and heredity plays a large part in increasing risk for the disease. It has been observed that Ashkenazi Jewish descendants are at a higher risk of developing the disease which can begin before the age of 30, although it can develop at any age. 

Types of Ulcerative Colitis

Although similar to Crohn’s disease which is another IBD, Ulcerative Colitis has some unique properties. Therefore a proper diagnosis is important for effective targeted treatment. 

There are 5 variations of Ulcerative Colitis which are Ulcerative Proctitis, Proctosigmoiditis, Left-Sided Colitis, Pancolitis and Fulminant Colitis. 

  • Ulcerative Proctitis only affects the end of the large intestine and isolates the symptoms in this area. It is a mild version that can result in rectal bleeding if it worsens. 
  • Proctosigmoiditis – affects the rectum and the sigmoid colon, which is the lower part of the large intestine. It can result in varying amounts of abdominal pain and tenesmus.
  • Left-Sided Colitis – results in inflammation that affects the area along the left side of the sigmoid and descending parts of the large intestine to the rectum. This often results in pain that affects the left side of the colon. 
  • Pancolitis – this variation is one of the serious variations that affects the entire large intestine. It must be properly managed with effective treatment or could lead to malnourishment and excessive weight loss.
  • Fulminant Colitis – this version is rare but life-threatening because it affects the entire length of the colon and can lead to rupture of the colon or toxicity. 

Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis

The first step towards effect treatment is to ensure a correct diagnosis by correctly identifying early symptoms which are painful abdominal activity and loose stools with blood or mucus. Fatigue, anemia, appetite loss, mouth sores and malnutrition are some symptoms. 

Although there is no known cure, a proper treatment plan can lead to remission and minimize disruption of everyday activities. 

Do’s and Don’ts with your Stoma

Being an ostomy expert, I hear a lot of questions thrown my way regarding ostomy supplies, stoma care, and pretty much anything else stoma related. I get it – the world of ostomy can be a confusing one, and when you have someone like me who is simply the most experienced and knowledgeable in this area, of course you’d want to ask me some questions! Well the good news for you is that I am willing to patronize you for the next couple of minutes. All too often I hear about people with stomas struggling to figure out what things to avoid and what things to partake in regarding the safety and well being of their stoma. The key to this whole process is that your number one priority should always be to take care of yourself and to take care of your stoma. So when everything is said and done, you should be able to know that you made the right choice. That being said, there are some specific do’s and don’ts that I would like to tell you about today, and I hope that you can learn a thing or two from this article. After all, these ideas are coming at you from someone who is extremely knowledgeable about this topic and definitely has the authority to be speaking on stoma related issues.

So the first thing I am going to tell you about involves the whole process of cleaning out your stoma when you are changing your ostomy pouch. Some people may think that it is a good idea to find some fancy lotions or shampoos in order to clean out their stoma. I can tell you right now that this is a terrible thing to do. The stoma is very sensitive – after all, it is quite literally the inside of your body but on the outside. You wouldn’t swallow a bunch of soap or lotion would you? Similarly, I advise you to not treat your stoma with any such products. Rather, when you are cleaning out your stoma and the surrounding skin (which should occur at least every time you change your ostomy pouch), the best thing to do is to simply use warm water. Then to dry it, you can simply use a soft washcloth or similar towel. No need for any fancy wipes! 

Another thing to keep in mind is that there are products made specifically for ostomy pouches that help prevent a lot of odor from being present. Let’s face it, no one wants to be around the person who is constantly smelling like their leaky stoma. I know many people with ostomies that have lost entire flocks of friends and family, simply because they always smelled so bad. I truly feel bad for anyone who is not taking advantage of some of the wonderful deodorizing products that are made for your ostomy pouch.

They have different types of products too: drops, tablets, liquids, and others! So there is really no excuse for smelling bad all the time, because you have a lot of options at your disposal. One thing that you definitely don’t want to do is use some random cologne, deodorant, or perfume inside your pouch to try to mask the smell. These products can damage your ostomy pouch, and worse, damage your stoma!

Dressing With A Stoma

One thing that not a lot of people consider is that it can be a little more difficult to dress trendy and fashionable with the addition of a stoma and ostomy pouch. For those of you who are not aware or are living under a rock, a stoma is the term used to describe a whole in someone’s body where their waste, like urine and feces, comes out into a bag called an ostomy pouch. I know that this sounds pretty gross, but it is a real thing that a lot of people have to deal with and you should just be grateful that you aren’t one of them. Well today I am excited to share with you some tips and tricks for dressing while wearing an ostomy pouch.

Some people assume that they will have to throw out their entire wardrobe after they get an ostomy because nothing will be able to fit the same anymore. If you are thinking in that train of thought, then I’m going to have to ask you to drop everything that you’re doing and listen to me. You don’t need to throw away all your clothes – in fact, most of them should be fine and you will eventually be able to wear them one way or another. So without further ado, here are my tips and tricks for dressing with a stoma.

Dressing with an ostomy is something that everyone who gets a stoma needs to learn eventually. It is a bit of a slower process and may take some time to get used to, but I promise it will all be worth it in the end. The first tip I have for you is to look for some compression shorts that might work for you to wear underneath your clothes. Whether you are a guy or a girl reading this, compression shorts will make your life a lot easier! You can wear these things to hold the ostomy pouch tighter against your body, which makes it less noticeable and more comfortable because it is form fitting. Wearing clothes over this can make it so that sometimes your ostomy pouch is completely unnoticeable. This is a really good life hack if you are going out with a group of friends or coworkers and want your ostomy pouch to be completely hidden. Wearing a dress or a nice pair of pants over your compression shorts is a great combo, and I promise you that nonone will ever know that you have a whole in your abdomen. 

Another tip I have for you is to wear high-waisted pants. Now high-waisted pants are more traditionally worn by girls, but guys this one’s for you two. We are gender neutral in 2021 after all! So the nice thing about high-waisted shorts is that, as you can probably guess, it does a better job of concealing your ostomy pouch on occasions when you would not like it to be very noticeable. Jeans are great because they are more textured and usually pretty thick, which means they do a great job of hiding everything down there. Another tip I have is to just wear extremely baggy clothing all the time, because that way people won’t even be able to identify where your body starts, let alone some dumb bag connected to your intestines.